There are two classifications of Fire Protection; Active and Passive solutions. Active solutions cover detection and suppression of fire, including fire alarms and sprinklers etc. Passive solutions aim to contain or delay the passage of fire, providing a means of escape for occupants and access and facilities for fire fighting. Passive Fire Protection systems are built into the fabric of the building and through use of fire-resistant walls, floors, and doors (amongst other examples). These contribute to the structural stability of the building to facilitate escape.
Meeting the challenges of Parts B (Fire Safety) isn’t easy, with a number of guidance documents to adhere to. Traditionally each country in the European Union (EU) has developed its own fire tests i.e. British Standards (BS). With the introduction of CE marking there has been a call for a harmonised ‘common’ system testing methodology for reaction and resistance to fire – during the transition period, BS and EN standards co-exist (see pages 10 and 11). The industry has developed insulation products and systems that cater for every aspect of PFP in construction.